What are the Retroperitoneal Organs


what are the retroperitoneal organs

retroperitoneal organs are a set of organs that sit on the posterior wall of the abdomen. They include the gallbladder, the small and large intestines, and the Appendix. These organs help to regulate your body’s digestive system.

What are retroperitoneal organs?

Retroperitoneum is the space between the abdominal wall and the peritoneum that covers the organs in your abdomen. The retroperitoneal organs are:

The peritoneal cavity contains the intestines, kidney, bladder, and other organs near your navel. The retroperitoneum also contains fat, muscles, and blood vessels.

What function do retroperitoneal organs have?

The retroperitoneal organs are a group of six organs located in the lower left side of the abdomen, behind the rectum and bladder. They include the kidney, liver, pancreas, small and large intestine, and spleen. The organs are named for their location on the posterior (rear) side of the peritoneum – a layer of tissue that covers the innermost organs and cavities in the body.

Each retroperitoneal organ has a specific function:

The kidney filters blood and removes waste products from the body.

The liver processes food and produces blood cells, bile, and other substances.

The pancreas produces enzymes that help digest food.

The small and large intestine absorb nutrients from food and release them into the bloodstream.

The spleen helps to prevent toxins from building up in the body.

What diseases can affect retroperitoneal organs?

The retroperitoneal organs are located just below the peritoneum and include the kidneys, liver, and spleen. Diseases that can affect these organs include:
-Hepatitis C: The hepatitis C virus attacks the liver and can spread to the retroperitoneal organs. This can cause inflammation, cirrhosis, and death.
-Chronic pancreatitis: Inflammation in the pancreas can lead to chronic pancreatitis, which is a condition that causes severe pain in the abdomen and often causes difficulty breathing. The damaged pancreas cannot produce enough insulin, which can damage the retroperitoneal organs.
-Liver cirrhosis: Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver becomes enlarged and damaged. This can lead to jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes) and eventually cirrhosis, which is a final stage of liver disease where most of the liver is destroyed.
-Cancer: Cancerous cells grow quickly and can spread to any area of the body, including the retroperitoneal organs. This can cause cancerous tumors to form and damage the organ.

How can you protect yourself from retroperitoneal organ damage?

Retroperitoneal organ damage is a very serious complication that can occur during surgery. Retroperitoneal organs are located just below the ribcage and can include the bladder, small bowel, and rectum. These organs are often difficult to access and can be harmed if they are not properly protected during surgery.

There are several ways to protect yourself from retroperitoneal organ damage:

1. Always discuss your surgical goals with your doctor. Make sure you understand what will be done and what risks may accompany the surgery.

2. thoroughly review your pre-operative medical history. This includes any prior surgeries or conditions that may affect your health or well-being. If you have any concerns about your health, please discuss them with your doctor before surgery.

3. be aware of potential risks during surgery: for example, avoid being positioned in a position that could cause pressure on the organs, wear a supportive garment after surgery to help protect the area, and avoid engaging in heavy exercise for at least six weeks following surgery.

4. follow up with your doctor after surgery to ensure that all is okay and to ask any questions you may have about the operation.


If you’re looking to learn more about the retroperitoneal organs, this article is for you. In it, we’ll explore what these organs are and what they do, as well as give you a brief overview of their anatomy. Hopefully, this will help you understand them better and provide some insight into why they might be important in your health.