what are the key features of indian constitution
The Indian Constitution is a supreme law of India. It came into force on 26 January 1950, after it was ratified by the then Indian Parliament. The Constitution of India is a representative democracy with a bicameral legislature, consisting of the Rajya Sabha (the upper house) and the Lok Sabha (the lower house). The Constitution of India has been amended fifty-seven times, the most recent being in 2014.
Features of Indian Constitution
The Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution in the world, and it has been in effect since 1950. It is a federal republic, with a parliamentary form of government. The Constitution consists of a series of articles, and it outlines the responsibilities of the president, the government, and the parliament. It also establishes rights and freedoms for citizens. The Constitution also provides for a system of checks and balances between the three branches of government.
How Indian Constitution Functions
Indian Constitution is one of the most important pieces of legislation in the world. It is a document that establishes the framework for the government of India and sets out fundamental principles that should govern its operations. The constitution was adopted on January 26, 1950, and has since been amended several times. It is currently in its 59th Amendment.
The Indian Constitution consists of a preamble and 119 articles. The preamble declares India to be a republic and sets out the objectives of the constitution. The first article deals with the relationship between the citizens and the state. Articles 2-4 deal with basic rights and freedoms. Article 5 establishes freedom of conscience and religious belief, while article 6 guarantees equality before law. Articles 7-9 protect economic liberty and article 10 protects social justice.
The second part of the constitution deals with governance. Articles 11-27 set out the principles by which India’s government must operate. These principles include democracy, federalism, human rights, equality, secularism, and minority rights. Article 31 provides for a strong executive branch led by a president who is elected by popular vote. The third part of the constitution deals with justice and policing. Articles 28-34 provide for a system
The Role of the President in Indian Constitution
The president of India is the head of state and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. The president is also the ceremonial head of state and performs other ceremonial functions. The president is indirectly elected by a majority of the members of Parliament through an electoral college. The president can be removed from office through impeachment proceedings in the parliament.
Article 56(1) of the Indian Constitution states that “the President shall be a civilian and shall not hold any other office or position of profit.” The president is not allowed to own any land or property. The president receives a monthly salary which is determined by parliament. The president has the power to dissolve parliament and call elections.
The president appoints judges to various high courts and other legal bodies. The president also has the power to dismiss any minister or government official. The president has no role in day-to-day operations of the government.
Fundamental Rights and Dutiesprotected by Indian Constitution
Indian Constitution guarantees fundamental rights and duties to its citizens. Fundamental rights are entrenched in the Constitution and cannot be taken away by the government. The Constitution enumerates 26 fundamental rights that include life, liberty, equality, and freedom from discrimination on any grounds. The Constitution also establishes a set of fundamental duties for the government including protecting life, securing property, promoting education and health, and creating an environment free from poverty and discrimination.
Fundamental Freedoms and Responsibilitiesguaranteed by Indian Constitution
The Indian Constitution guarantees fundamental freedoms and responsibilities to its citizens. These freedoms include the right to life, liberty, property, and expression. The Constitution also establishes a number of fundamental rights, including the right to equality before the law and the right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion. To protect these rights, the Constitution also grants specific protections to certain groups of people, including minorities and women.
The Role of the Legislature in Indian Constitution
The Indian Constitution is a document that lays out the fundamental principles of the government of India. The Constitution was created in 1949 and has since been amended a number of times. The Constitution is divided into nine parts, with each part dealing with a specific aspect of Indian government. The Constitution outlines the role of the legislature in Indian government and sets out the procedures that must be followed when bills are introduced in parliament. Additionally, the Constitution establishes certain rights and freedoms for citizens of India, including the right to freedom of speech, assembly, and association.