What are the Features of Indian Constitution

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what are the features of indian constitution

The Indian Constitution is a document which lays out the fundamental principles of the government of India. It was first drafted in 1949, and has since been amended numerous times. In this article, we will take a look at some of the key features of the Indian Constitution, and see how they have helped to shape the country’s political landscape.

The Indian Constitution

The Indian Constitution is one of the most influential constitutions in the world. It has been in force since 1950 and has undergone several amendments over the years. Here are some of its features:

1. The Indian Constitution is based on the principles of democracy, secularism, and federalism.

2. The Constitution guarantees fundamental rights to all citizens, including the right to freedom of speech, religion, conscience, and assembly.

3. The Constitution also provides for a strong system of checks and balances between the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government.

4. The Indian Constitution promotes social justice by guaranteeing equal rights to women and minority groups.

Articles of the Indian Constitution

The Indian Constitution, adopted on 26 January 1950, is the fundamental law of India. It consists of a preamble and 191 articles. The Constitution was drafted in the aftermath of the Independence of India from British rule and the end of British colonial rule in 1947. It embodies a synthesis of various Indian traditions and values, including Hinduism, Islam, socialism, secularism and democracy. The Constitution recognises India as a federal republic and establishes principles of equality and liberty for all citizens. The Constitution also has a strong commitment to social justice, with provisions for affirmative action and welfare programs for disadvantaged groups.

The Constitution is unique in that it consists of both a written document and an unwritten one. The written document is the Constitution itself, while the unwritten one is the Constitution’s “spirit.” The spirit of the Constitution guides the interpretation of its written provisions by the Indian judiciary.

Some of the key features of the Indian Constitution are:

Fundamental rights in the Indian Constitution

The Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution are a set of rights that are guaranteed to all individuals in India under the Constitution. These rights include life, liberty, equality, and freedom of speech and expression. The Fundamental Rights were drafted with the intention of protecting the individual from government abuse and ensuring that all individuals are treated equally. The Fundamental Rights are also intended to protect the individual’s autonomy and lifestyle choices.

Directive Principles of State Policy in the Indian Constitution

The Directive Principles of State Policy provide a broad and overarching set of principles that guide the actions of the government of India. The principles are enumerated in Article 37 of the Indian Constitution and were introduced as part of the country’s founding document. The principles aim to promote social justice, communal harmony, economic development, and a strong national unity. The principles have been interpreted in a number of ways by Indian courts and government officials, but their ultimate goal remains broadly consistent.

The creation of India and the Indian Constitution

The Indian Constitution was created on November 26, 1949, and it is the oldest written constitution in the world. It is a single document that covers all of India and its citizens. The Constitution establishes a federal system of government and provides for fundamental rights and freedoms. It also sets out the structure of the Republic of India, with an hereditary president and a bicameral Parliament. The Constitution also creates various state governments, including the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana. The Constitution has been amended several times since its creation, most recently in 2008.
The Indian Constitution is broadly based on the principles of democracy, secularism, individual rights, and social justice. These principles are enshrined in numerous provisions of the Constitution, including the right to freedom of speech and expression, equality before law, freedom of religion, and protection from discrimination.
Some key features of the Indian Constitution include:

-The Constitution establishes a federal system of government with a President as the head of state
-The President is elected by an electoral college based on proportional representation
-The President is responsible for appointing ministers responsible for various departments within the government
-The Parliament consists of two houses

The Indian Supreme Court

Indian Constitution is a set of rules or principles that guide the functioning of the government of India. The Indian Constitution was adopted on November 26, 1949, and came into force on January 26, 1950. The document is divided into six chapters, with 142 articles in total.

The Indian Constitution is based on the principle of parliamentary democracy. It establishes the federal structure of India, with a strong central government and a number of states. The Indian Constitution also provides for fundamental rights and liberties, including freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, and freedom from torture and arbitrary detention.

Conclusion

The Indian Constitution, also known as the Constitution of India, is the supreme law of India. It lays out the framework for the country’s federal system and defines fundamental rights and freedoms of its citizens. The constitution was adopted on August 26, 1950, after a long process of drafting that began in 1937.

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