Difference Between Xylem and Phloem


Difference Between Xylem and Phloem


Phloem and vascular tissue area unit advanced tissues that perform transportation of food and water during a plant. They are the tube tissues of the plant and  along type tube bundles. They work along as a unit to induce effective transportation  of  food, nutrients, minerals and water.


Xylem is plant vascular tissue that coveys water and dissolved in minerals from the roots to the rest of the plant and also provides physical support. Xylem tissue consists of a variety of specialized, water –conducting cells known as trachery elements.

Structure of xylem:

The most distinctive vascular tissue cells area unit  the long tracheary components that transport water. Tracheids and vessel components area unit shorter, and area unit connected along into long tubes that area unit known as vessels.

Xylem conjointly contains two different cell types: parenchyma and fibers. Xylem is founded in tube bundles, gift in non-woody  components of woody plants in secondary vascular tissue, ordered down by a plant tissue known as the tube cambium in woody plants as a part of a stellar arrangement not divided into bundles, as in several ferns.in transmutation stages of plants with secondary  growth, the primary two classes don’t seem to be reciprocally exclusive, though typically a vascular strand can contain primary vascular tissue solely.


The phloem has plant vascular tissue that conducts foods made in the leaves during photosynthesis to all other parts of the plant. It is composed of various specialized cells called sieve elements, phloem fibres, and phloem parenchyma cells.

Functions of pholem:

Xylem  it consists primarily of dead cells the bast consist of still-living cells that transport sap. Could be  a water based resolution, however made in sugars created by chemical change. These sugars are transported  to non-photosynthetic components of the plant, like the roots, or into storage structures, like tubers or bulbs.

During the plant’s growth amount, typically  throughout the spring, storage organs like the roots are sugar sources, and also the plant’s  several growing areas are sugar sinks. The movement in bast is multidirectional , whereas , in vascular tissue cells, it’s unidirectional.