Difference Between Mitosis and Meiosis

Difference Between Mitosis and Meiosis

Mitosis

  • The genetic material dna in a cell duplicates and divides equally between two cells in mitosis. After that the dividing cell will go through a structured sequence of events known as the cell cycle. Further, the presence of specific growth factors or other signals indicating the requirement of production of new cells initiates the mitotic cell cycle. In addition, through mitosis, the body’s somatic cells replicate. For the instance, somatic cells incorporate fat cells, skin cells, blood cells or any body cell which are not sex cells. Moreover, the body needs mitosis in order to replace dead cells, damaged cells or cell having shorter life spans.
  • It refers to the cell division that forms two daughter cells each with the same number and type of chromosomes as the parent cell. The reproduction of mitosis is asexual. The division of mitosis is one. The mother cells are haploid and diploid . the chromosomes are remains same . in mitosis  crossing over does not occur.
  • The pairing of homologs are not happen in mitosis. The function of the mitosis is general growth and repair and reproduction of cells.  It creates everything except sex cells. It was discovered by walther flemming. It takes place in somatic cells.
  • The steps of mitosis comprise of prophase, metaphase , anaphase, and telophase. The synapsis occurs in here and its function it to partake in healing in repair.

Mitosis

Meiosis

  • Meiosis refers to the process in which gametes generate in organisms that reproduce sexually. In order to understand the difference between mitosis and meiosis, we must learn what they actullyy mean. Thus , as you, know gametes produce in male and female gonads and comprise of one-half the number of chromosomes as the orginal cell.
  • Moreover the genetic recombination that takes place during the course of meiosis helps in introducing new gene combinations in a population. Hence the meiotic cell which mitosis produces.
  • It refers to the cell division which forms four daughter cells each with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cells. The reproduction of meiosis is sexual . the division of meisosis is two. The mother cells is always diploid. The number of chromosome are reduce by half . the crossing over is mixing of chromosomes are occurs. The pairing of homologs is take palce. The function of meisosis is genetic diversity through sexual repoduction .
  • It creates sex cells only. It is discovered by Oscar hertwig. The meisosis is take place in germ cells.
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