What are the Types of Plastids


what are the types of plastids

Plastids are organelles that are typically found in plants and algae. They are the main source of energy for these organisms, and they play an important role in photosynthesis. In this article, we will explore the different types of plastid found in plants.

Different Types of Plastids

Plastids are a type of cell that are essential for photosynthesis. There are three main types of plastids: chloroplasts, microsomes, and thylakoids. Chloroplasts are the most common type of plastid and they contain the organelles that perform photosynthesis. Microsomes are smaller than chloroplasts and they have lost their organelles that perform photosynthesis. Thylakoids are the smallest type of plastid and they contain the pigment granules that produce sunlight energy in photosynthesis.

Functions of Plastids

Plastids are organelles within cells that are essential for photosynthesis. Plastids contain the genetic material of a cell and use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into food for the plant. Plastids also store solar energy in the form of carbohydrates. Plastids can be found in plants, algae, and some bacteria.

Classification of Plastids

Plastids are the largest organelle in a plant. They come in many different types, which can be divided into two categories: photosynthetic plastids and non-photosynthetic plastids. Photosynthetic plastids are responsible for converting light energy into chemical energy that the plant can use to create glucose from carbon dioxide and water. Non-photosynthetic plastids include those that produce storage products like starch or cellulose, and those that play a role in development, like the endoplasmic reticulum.


Thank you for reading! In this article, we will be discussing the different types of plastids and what they do in plants. We hope that after reading this article, you will have a better understanding of what plastids are and how they play a role in plant life. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below!