What are the Functions of Roots


what are the functions of roots

One of the most important things to know about roots is that they play an essential role in plant growth and development. Knowing what roots do can help you understand how plants grow, take care of them, and diagnose problems with them. In this article, we’ll explore the different functions of roots and how they impact plant growth.

Functions of Roots

The roots of plants are important structural parts of the plant. They help to anchor the plant in the soil and provide nutrients and water to the plants. The roots also play a role in transferring water and nutrients from the soil to the leaves of the plant.

Types of Roots

Root functions can be classified into five general categories: nutrient uptake, photosynthesis, water uptake, growth and reproduction.

Nutrient uptake: Roots absorb nutrients needed for growth and reproduction from the surrounding soil. This includes essential minerals like nitrogen and potassium as well as other vital elements like carbon. Inefficient absorption of these nutrients can lead to plant stunting or even death.

Photosynthesis: Plants use light energy to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen. This process is known as photosynthesis and it’s one of the main ways plants produce food for themselves. Photosynthesis is also important for fixing atmospheric nitrogen into usable forms for plants.

Water uptake: Roots are able to extract water from the soil to help with plant growth and survival. They can also release water through their pores in order to regulate soil moisture levels. Over-watering can cause root rot or even plant death.

Growth and reproduction: Roots play a major role in the development of plants. They help distribute nutrients throughout the plant body and promote the flow of water and sap throughout the plant system. Root growth is also essential for the establishment of new roots in new locations, which helps plants survive during

How to Harvest Roots

There are many functions roots serve in a plant. They are involved in photosynthesis, providing support and stability to the plant, help in the transfer of water and nutrients, and play an important role in the growth and development of plants. Roots also interact with soil particles to extract minerals and water.


In this article, we will explore the functions of roots in plants. We will learn about how roots help plants absorb water and nutrients, anchor the plant to the ground, and protect it from potential threats. Finally, we will discuss how root growth is regulated and what cues plants use to determine when it is time for a new root to grow.