What are the Functions of Judiciary


what are the functions of judiciary

Judiciary is an important part of any government, as it ensures that the law is upheld and enforced. The judiciary consists of all the judicial officers who deal with specific cases, such as judges, magistrates, and lawyers. It also includes the legal system and its personnel.

The Judicial Branch

The Judicial Branch is the branch of government that administers justice in the United States. The Judicial Branch consists of the Supreme Court, which is the highest court in the country, as well as lower courts. The Judicial Branch also includes public defenders and legal aid organizations.

The Judicial Process

The judicial process is the series of steps that are taken by a court to resolve a dispute. The judicial process begins with filing a complaint with the appropriate court. The complaint will contain information about the dispute, such as who is involved, what happened, and what the parties want resolved. After the complaint is filed, the court will investigate the matter. If it is determined that there is enough evidence to take action, the court will issue a summons to the parties involved. If either party does not respond to the summons, the court may order them to appear in court. Once both parties have appeared in court, the matter will be heard and a decision will be made.

The Judicial System

The Judicial System is a group of institutions and processes that administer justice in the United States. The Judicial Branch of the U.S. federal government consists of the Supreme Court, the lower federal courts, and administrative agencies. These institutions operate according to a set of constitutional and statutory provisions. The purpose of the Judicial Branch is to provide a fair and impartial system for resolving disputes between parties and protecting the rights of individuals.

The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. It is responsible for interpreting the Constitution and statutes. The Constitution gives the Supreme Court exclusive original jurisdiction over all cases involving national sovereignty, interstate or foreign commerce, or cases involving an appropriation by Congress of money raised by taxation. The Supreme Court also has appellate jurisdiction over decisions of lower federal courts.

The lower federal courts are divided into three classes: district, circuit, and appellate. District courts hear civil cases (including suits against the government) that involve fewer than $75,000 in damages. Circuit courts hear civil cases that involve more than $75,000 but less than $1 million in damages, except for patent cases (in which they hear appeals from district court decisions). Appellate courts hear appeals

The Role of the Judiciary in American Society

The judiciary is a key component of the American system of government. The judiciary is responsible for ensuring that the laws of the United States are enforced and that individuals are treated fairly according to those laws. The judiciary also plays an important role in safeguarding individual rights and freedoms.

The history of the American judicial system can be traced back to the earliest days of the country. Colonial judges were appointed by the British Crown and had little authority or independence. Over time, Congress began to appoint judges, and by the end of the Revolutionary War, most judges were appointed by Congress. The Constitution grants Congress the authority to create courts, including federal courts, and sets forth their powers and responsibilities.

Today, the judiciary is an independent branch of government that plays a crucial role in American society. The judiciary provides a fair and impartial forum for resolving disputes and protects individual rights and freedoms.

The Courts and the Rule of Law

The judiciary is the branch of government that interprets the law. The judiciary also ensures that the law is enforced. The judiciary plays a critical role in protecting democracy by ensuring that the law is applied fairly and impartially.


The judiciary is the branch of government that interprets and applies the law. It ensures that justice is done, by ensuring that laws are enforced, and by hearing disputes between individuals or groups. The judiciary also provides a forum for public discussion of legal issues, and it can provide guidance to legislators on how best to draft laws.